Boost NBSAPs through Agroecology

This is a joint initiative by the Global Alliance for the Future of Food, Biovision Foundation, and WWF. We are producing a handbook ahead of SBSTTA 26 to assist decision-makers in the integration of agroecology into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) through policies, practices, and processes .

A crucial approach to comprehensively meet KMGBF targets

This is a critical moment for biodiversity. With the planet’s ecosystems under extreme pressure, particularly from industrial food systems, the world’s attention has been drawn to the alarming crisis of biodiversity and extinction that we face today. To address this challenge, the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (KMGBF) was adopted during United Nations Biodiversity Conference (COP 15) in 2022 to serve as a global blueprint for biodiversity action.

Article 6 of the Convention calls for countries to “develop national strategies, plans or programs for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity”. These National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) are the main strategic planning documents that identify and prioritize national biodiversity conservation objectives and the strategies and actions needed to achieve them.

Resources: Flyer & Policy Brief

KMGBF and agroecology can work in tandem

Agroecology as a systems approach offers a comprehensive approach for countries to fulfill their commitments under the Global Biodiversity Framework. Adopting agroecological principles can leverage action towards multiple KMGBF targets, while the tools and solutions for implementation in the GBF contribute to the upscaling of agroecology. In short, by utilizing the substantial interlinkages between the 13 principles and the a majority of KMGBF targets, KMGBF and agroecology can work in tandem.

Agroecology enables countries to achieve their KMGBF targets holistically.

The substantial interlinkages between agroecology and the KMGBF targets

[1] Benton, T. G., Bieg, C., Harwatt, H., Pudasaini, R., & Wellesley, L. (2021). Food system impacts on biodiversity loss Three levers for food system transformation in support of nature.

[2] HLPE. 2019. Agroecological and other innovative approaches for sustainable agriculture and food systems that enhance food security and nutrition. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome.

[3] Wanger, T. C., DeClerck, F., Garibaldi, L. A., Ghazoul, J., Kleijn, D., Klein, A. M., Kremen, C., Mooney, H., Perfecto, I., Powell, L. L., Settele, J., Solé, M., Tscharntke, T., & Weisser, W. (2020). Integrating agroecological production in a robust post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. In Nature Ecology and Evolution.

[4] Convention on Biological Diversity, Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, 2030 Targets (with Guidance Notes),

[5] Hughes, A. C. (2023). The Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework: How did we get here, and where do we go next? Integrative Conservation, 2(1), 1–9.